SensoLyte ® 520 Cathepsin D Assay Kit *Fluorimetric*
Cathepsins are a class of globular lysosomal proteases, playing a vital role in mammalian cellular turnover. They degrade polypeptides and are distinguished by their substrate specificities. Cathepsin D is the lysosomal aspartic proteinase, active in intracellular protein breakdown. Cathepsin D is involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases such as breast cancer and Alzheimer disease.
The SensoLyte® 520 Cathepsin D Activity Assay Kit uses a QXL® 520/HiLyte™ Fluor 488 labeled FRET peptide substrate for measurement of enzyme activity. In the intact FRET peptide, the fluorescence of HiLyte™ Fluor 488 is quenched by QXL® 520. Upon cleavage of the FRET peptide by the active enzyme, the increase of fluorescence can be continuously monitored at excitation/emission = 490 nm/520 nm. The fluorescent signal from HiLyte™ Fluor 488 is stable at low pH, which is optimal for cathepsin activity. The kit can be used to detect the activity of Cathepsin D enzyme in biological samples and purified enzyme preparations.
The kit contains: • HiLyte™ Fluor 488/QXL®520-based FRET peptide substrate (Ex/Em=490/520 nm upon cleavage) • Assay buffer • Bovine spleen Cathepsin D • Inhibitor • Fluorescence reference standard for calibration • A detailed protocol